19th Livestock Census Report

 

Introduction:
       In Sikkim, the first official Livestock Census was conducted in 1977. Ever since, the Livestock Census is being conducted every five (5) years without a break. The recently conducted 19th All India Livestock Census was seventh (7th) of its kind in the series conducted so far in the State of Sikkim. The species of Livestock enumerated in the Census are cattle, buffaloes, goats, sheep, pigs, yaks, horses, mules, ponies, dogs and fowls/ poultry. As per the Government of India Census Calendar, 15th September, 2012 to 14th October, 2012 was the actual period of enumeration during which listing of every household in the State had to be carried out. However, as the date of Panchayat Elections in Sikkim coincided with the date/period of actual enumeration of 19th All India Livestock Census, the reference period for conducting the said Livestock Census in the State of Sikkim had to be deferred to 6th November, 2012 to 7th December, 2012. Livestock Census is the main source of data for formulation of any plan/programme for bringing about improvement in the Livestock sector. Animal Husbandry, alongside Agriculture is the single largest employer in the State. Livestock sector contributes to about 4 to 5 percent of the National G.D.P. Livestock sector in Sikkim is highly livelihood intensive and rearing of animals in rural areas, which provides substantial supplementary income to the rural households, has been associated with the culture and tradition of the rural population of the State.

Preparatory work for 19th Livestock Census:
      The preparatory works relating to 19th Livestock Census, 2012 actually began with the printing of schedules to be used for collection of Livestock data. Department did not go for multilingual printing of schedules and the schedules for the purpose of carrying out the enumeration work of the said Census were printed in English language.

The following schedules were used in the 19th Livestock Census:
1. Schedule 1 - For recording house list of Households, Enterprises and Institutions.
2. Schedules 2 - For recording village/ ward profile.
3. Schedule 3 - For recording Households Enterprises and Institutions. This is also the main schedule for collecting data on Livestock and poultry/fowls.

Important terms used in different schedules of 19th Livestock Census:

Household: A group of persons normally residing together and taking food from a common kitchen.
Enterprises: An enterprise is an undertaking which is engaged in production and distribution of goods and services meant mainly for the purpose of sale.
Household Enterprise: is one which is run by one or more members of a household or run jointly by two or more households on partnership basis irrespective of whether the enterprise is located in the premises of the household or not.
Non- Household Enterprise: is one which is institutional i.e., owned and run by public sector (Central or State Government, Govt. Undertakings, Co-operative Societies etc.).
Institution: Temple, Gumpa, Mandir, Church, mosque, Gurudwara etc. were covered under institution for the purpose of 19th Livestock Census.
Dry Animals: Animal which are calved at least once but not in production during the period of Survey
Exotic Animals: Animals which are developed in other countries are described as exotic animals. The most important exotic dairy cattle breeds in India are Jersey and Holstein Friesian (HF).
Crossbred Animals: Animals which are produced by crossing indigenous animals with exotic breeds or indigenous animals which have exotic inheritance are described as crossbred animals.
Animals in milk: Animals in milk production are described as animals in milk.
Poultry Farms: Farms having more than 1000 birds will be considered as Poultry Farms. Farms having only Emu/Ostrich birds will be considered as farm if having more than 20 birds. However, all government enterprises having poultry are considered as poultry farms irrespective of the number of birds in them.
`Desi’ and ‘improved Poultry birds: If a hen/duck lays more than 100 eggs in a year then it is categorized as ‘improved’ hen/duck or else it is categorized as ‘desi’. If a cock/ chicken/drake/duckling falls into the flock of an ‘improved’ hen/duck hen it is an ‘improved’ cock/chicken/drake/duckling or else it is ‘desi’.

       Location Codes devised by the Office of the Registrar General of India (ORGI) for conducting the Population Census, 2011 were used for the purpose of identification of Villages/ Revenue villages for conducting Livestock Census, 2012. Two digits, Three digits, five digits and six digits codes developed and provided by ORGI, respectively, for the State, Districts, Sub- Divisions and habitated and uninhabitated villages were used to facilitate proper data entry of the said Livestock Census.

       In addition to above and with a view to generate State level, District level, Sub-Division level, GPU level and ward level reports of the 19th Livestock Census, we devised our own set of Codes in tune with the one devised by the ORGI and the same was handed over to the Enumerators and Supervisors engaged for carrying out the said survey.

CONSOLIDATED REPORT
Sl. No Particulars Rural Urban Total
1 TOTAL NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS 83995 31412 115407
2 HOUSEHOLD HAVING LIVESTOCK 68071 3982 72053
3 HOUSEHOLD HAVING CATTLE 51156 365 51494
4 TOTAL NUMBER OF CATTLE 139777 913 140690
5 HOUSEHOLD HAVING BUFFALOES 418 1 419
6 TOTAL NUMBER OF BUFFALOES 873 19 892
7 HOUSEHOLD HAVING SHEEP 585 7 592
8 TOTAL NUMBER OF SHEEP 2658 26 2684
9 HOUSEHOLD HAVING GOATS 28414 294 28705
10 TOTAL NUMBER OF GOATS 109859 1011 110870
11 HOUSEHOLD HAVING PIGS 17649 314 17953
12 TOTAL NUMBER OF PIGS 29572 745 30317
13 HOUSEHOLD HAVING YAKS 520 0 520
14 TOTAL NUMBER OF YAKS 6220 0 6220
15 HOUSEHOLD HAVING BACKYARD POULTRY 38672 1223 39889
16 TOTAL NUMBER OF BACKYARD POULTRY 432038 5607 437645
17 TOTAL NUMBER OF POULTRY FARMS & HATCHERIES 18 1 19
18 TOTAL NUMBER OF PET DOGS 19799 3796 23595
19 TOTAL NUMBER OF STRAY DOGS 5744 1458 7202

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LIVESTOCK POPULATION ITS ANNUAL AND DECADAL GROWTH

  1997 Livestock Census 2007 (Provisional) Annual Growth (in percent) Decadal Growth
(in percent)
Crossbred Cattle 52303 91289 (+)7.45 (+)74.53
Indigenous Cattle 90721 71852 (-)2.0 (-)20.79
Buffalo 1970 243 (-)8.76 (-)87.66
Yak 4781 6468 (+)3.5 (+)35.28
Sheep 5023 4879 (-)0.28 (-)2.8
Goat 82938 110120 (+)3.2 (+)32.77
Pig 26975 38390 (+)4.23 (+)42.31
Poultry 223262 255882 (+)1.46 (+)14.61