Animal Health Services :


The Department has network of Veterinary Institutions established in the rural areas of all the districts for carrying out various disease control measures and also giving veterinary aid to livestock in these areas.

The state has one state Veterinary polyclinics, 18 Veterinary hospitals , 60 Veterinary Dispensaries, Stockman centre 54 and 5 Livestock Check Posts.

The veterinary services section is headed by a Principal Director and Additional Director at the head quarter. while Joint Directors are the overall incharge in the districts. The state veterinary polyclinics is headed by Hospital Supdt. and is supported by veterinary officers and paravets. Veterinary officers are incharge of vety hospitals and are supported by paravets while Veterinary Dispensaries, and Veterinary sub Centres are manned by trained paratvets.

Disease Investigation Cell .

ANNUAL DISEASE INCIDENCE REPORT FOR THE YEAR APRIL 2015- MARCH 2016

Name Of the Diseases :   Number Of Incidence :
1 Deficiency Diseases   2023
2 Digestive Disorder   15079
3 Respiratory Disorder   23122
4 Metabollic Disease   926`
5 Parasitic Ectoparasite 5208
Endoparasite 2144
6 Deworming   10340
7 Protozoan Diseases   1562
8 Reproductive Diseases   2966
9 Other Diseases Mastitis 1018
Ephemeral Fever 298
Haematuria 349
10 Surgical Condition   4753
11 Infectious Diseases FMD 119
B.Q 4
Canine Distemper 133
H.S 18
S.F 15
R.D 109
Fowl Cholera 2
BWD 1774
Canine Hepatitis 6
Parvo Virus Infection 7
Fowl Pox 35

MOST REPORTED DISEASE OF 2015-2016

The most reported diseases in terms of incidence in 2015-2016 are presented in Table 1. - Foot and Mouth Disease is recorded every year and five animals were reported to have died. Persistence of FMDV is probably due to leaving pregnant animals and grazing animals from vaccination and the refusal of some owners to vaccinate their animals as well as from meat on hooves of Indian army. Furthermore, Classical Swine Fever is endemic amongst swine population which is primarily due to unavailability of vaccines. Ranikhet Disease in pigeon population with huge mortality was also reported. High incidence rate of BWD is reported from backyard and organized farms.

Livestock Disease Profile for the year 2015-2016

DISEASE NUMBER OF ATTACK DEATH
Footh and Mouth Disease 119 5
Classical Swine Fever 15 2
Ranikhet Disease 109 50
Hemorrhagic Septicemia 18
Anaplasmosis 2 1
Black Quarter 4
Bacillary White Diarrhoea 1774

Foot and Mouth Disease

FMD was the top reported disease for the year under report. AICRP on FMD, Regional Centre, Guwahati, confirmed the ‘O’ serotype FMD virus, on March 2016 in the sample sent from Sikkim. However the severity of infection was mild and the spread was confined probably due to good herd immunity and timely ring vaccination and provision of required veterinary assistance

District wise incidence of FMD in 2015-2016

Name of the District Name of the Area No. of incidence No. of Death
East Sirwani 26  
Ralap Linku 23 1
Mamring 21  
Rizey Namok 10 3
Burtuk 7  
Mazitar 6 1
Syari 4  
Lingding 2  
Khamdong 4  
Linkey 1  
South Sadam 7 ---
Rateypani 1 ---
West Darap 5 ---


Classical Swine Fever

CSF is the next top reported disease in the year. It is a chronic problem in pigs. All breeds, sex and mostly piglets are susceptible to disease. In 2015-2016, incidence of CSF was reported from three districts with the maximum incidence reported from Karfectar, South District. The death of 2 pigs vaccinated against CSF is a significant observation and is a matter of concern too.


EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PARASITIC DISEASES

The data from 133 field veterinary and nine disease investigation laboratories, under four districts were collected, collated and depicted on a monthly basis.

Among endoparasitic infestations, roundworm/ nematode infestations predominated followed by cestode and trematode respectively.

Trend of Endoparasitic infestations in livestock


Blood parasitic infestations

Sero screening of ninety nos. of blood samples from State Breeding Bull Farm, Karfectar, South Sikkim tested negative for Anaplasmosis at ERDDL, Kolkata.

In 2015-2016, in the month of May 2015, only one horse tested positive for Anaplasmosis while in March 2016, only one Yak from North Sikkim tested positive for Anaplasmosis by blood smear examination.

May 2015 Horse
March 2016 Yak

Active surveillance report for the year 2015-16

The following is the record of active surveillance, sent to NIVEDI, Bangalore:

Sl No. Animal No. tested for IBR +ve / -ve
1 Cattle 313 168 +ve
2 Goat 203  
3 Pig 34  
  Total 550  

The following is the record of samples sent to ERDDL, Kolkata for screening of Anaplasmosis

April 2015 Mother Diary Farm, Karfectar 90 whole blood All Negative

FMD outbreak in cattle in 2015-16

Name of the Village Block District No. of Outbreaks No. of susceptible No. of Attacks No. of Deaths No. of Vaccination
Saramsa Ranipool East 1 5 2 1 450
Rizey Namok   East 1 11 11 3 426
Mazitar   East 1 4 4 1 106

DISEASE INVESTIGATION CELL TEST REPORT FOR THE YEAR 2015-16

Sl No. Test Conducted Total No. Done No.positive Found Remarks
1 Fecal Test 160 42 Nematode -28
Cestode-7
Trematode-3
Coccidia-5
2 Blood Examination 90 complete blood count 15- Anaplasmosis
1- Theileriosis
1-Babesiosis
1- Ehrlichiosis
Anaplasmosis was found +ve in bovine, equine and canine while Babesiosis & Theileriosis in bovines and Ehlichiosis in canine
3 Milk Examination 52 31 4
4 Antibiotic Sensitivity Test 18 1 The antibiotics tested are- Cloxacillin, Amoxycillin, Ciprofloxacin, Cotrimoxazole, Cephalexin, Cefotaxime, Azthromycin, Amikacin, Enrofloxacin, Gentamicin, etc. Majority shows resistance to all these antibiotics however few shows sensitivity to Enofloxacin, Amikacin and Ciprofloxacin in that order
5 Skin Scraping Examination 102 45 Sarcoptic/ Psoroptic/ Chorioptic mange
10 Demodectic mange
Seen in bovines and canines
6 Urine Analysis 22 1 4
7 Post Mortem 8 7 Avian, 1 Canine Death in poultry due to managemental deficits, infectious diseases like IBD, Pullorum disease. Death in dog was due to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

SAMPLES SENT TO RDDL-ER, KOLKATA FOR CONFIRMATORY DIAGNOSIS

Month Sent Kind of Sample Diagnosis
April 2015 90 whole blood sample of cattle Negative for hematotropic infections
May 2015 4 no. of whole blood of pig Positive for CSFV by RT-PCR
June 2015 PM samples of Pig for diagnosis of CSF Result not received
July 2015 PM samples of Pig for diagnosis of CSF Result not received
September 2015 17 whole blood of pigs for diagnosis of CSF Result not received
September 2015 PM samples of Pig for diagnosis of CSF Result not received
March 2016 1 Pigeon carcass, 3 tracheal swab & 3 serum of backyard poultry Positive for NDV

ANNUAL VACCINATION REPORT FOR THE YEAR APRIL 2015- MARCH 2016.

Sl No. Disease Vaccination
1 BQ 9
2 HS 9
3 FMD 42214
4 SF 1110
5 ARV(pre) 27283
6 ARV(post) 217
7 RD 5583
8 CD 1498

TOTAL CASES TREATED IN 2015-2016

Sl No. Details 2015-16
1 Total No. of cases treated. 67186
2 Surgical Conditions 4753

National Project on Rinderpest Surveillance And Monitoring

Stock Route and ordinary village Searches

Sl No. Name of District Total No. of Villages in District Ordinary Village Searches(VIS) Stock Route Searches Total Overall Progress Total
1.   ORD SRS Total Tag. Act. Tar. Act. Tag. Act VIS SRS Total
  East 425 33 458 512 505 28 24 540 529 505 24 529
  West 259 07 266 460 450 18 14 478 464 450 14 464
  North 148 06 154 202 191 17 15 219 206 191 15 206
  South 268 09 277 480 445 18 13 498 458 445 13 458
  Total 1100 55 1155 1654 1591 81 66 1735 1657 1591 66 1657

Stock Route and ordinary village Searches

Sl No. District Over all Progress Total
    Target Actual
1 East 27 22
2 North 19 13
3 South 18 14
4 West 20 15
Total   84 64

Cumulative FMD Report of vaccination 2015-16

District Cattle Buffalo Horse Goat Sheep Pig Yak Total
East 30309 35 x 15956 x 2053 1464 49817
West 14660 310 x 8407 32 1114 x 24523
North 6241 x 180 1539 12 610 1110 9692
South 18661 13 x 8249 41 1411 x 28375
Total 69871 358 180 34151 85 5188 2574 112407

SIKKIM ANTI RABIES AND ANIMAL HEALTH (SARAH):

The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) Division is a first state-wide Animal Birth Control and Anti-Rabies program and also a first Government sanctioned initiative on animal welfare and public health sector in India. It is a collaborative project between the Department of AH,LF&VS (Government of Sikkim), Foundation Brigitte Bardot (France), Australia-based NGO, Vets Beyond Borders(VBB) and the Sikkim Society for Prevention of Cruelty of Animals (SSPCA). SARAH Programme has entered the10th year of operation of this unique animal welfare and public health program. The Program during the year 2015-16 has over-achieved the target as per the stipulated annual projection.

The SARAH Division has been working tirelessly since 2006 to eliminate rabies from Sikkim. There have been no human deaths from rabies since 2006 until March 2016. The achievements and benefits of a state wide animal ABC/AR and animal welfare program are widely accepted in Sikkim. The SARAH Division is relentlessly working to keep Sikkim a rabies free state and also improving the health and welfare of the unfortunate ones

KEY ACHIEVEMENTS:

  • State-wide Animal Birth Control surgeries and anti-rabies vaccinations continued throughout the state.
  • Rapid response to 3 case of possible canine rabies near the border with West Bengal
  • Vigorous efforts made in terms of ABC-AR program throughout the state
  • 5,487 animal birth control surgeries, 24,571 doses of rabies vaccine, and 113 doses of distemper vaccine administered.
  • 17,526 animals vaccinated during the6th State-Wide Annual Rabies Vaccination Campaign in 2015.Efforts were made to visit every villages of Sikkim
  • 13veterinariansreceive training on animal welfare, rabies control and prevention, dog-bite management, surgical training for ABC-AR, treating in-patients.
  • 60 farm and field paravets receive refresher course on animal handling, administration of drugs, rabies prevention, animal welfare laws, treatment and management of large and small animal disease.
  • 22 paravets from the polyclinic were trained in rabies prevention, post dog-bite management, need for Post exposure Prophylaxis, dog handling and administration of vaccine. They were also given exposure to ABC surgery protocols.
  • 40 Village Level veterinary health workers were trained in animal welfare, dog handling, vaccine administration, animal management and it is anticipated they will be able to assist in the 2016 Mass Anti-Rabies Vaccination Campaign.
  • 31 schools including one monk school were visited to provide education on dog bite prevention, post bite management, animal welfare and rabies control.
  • 18 Panchayat in East Sikkim in 3 meetings were given information to increase awareness of rabies and distemper, and the Panchayat role and responsibility in ensuring village participation in the state-wide rabies vaccination campaign.
  • 21 people from Government of Bhutan visited SARAH to observe SARAH operations and procedures.
  • SARAH rescued and gave relief to more than 361 stray animals in distress.
  • Public education about rabies undertaken through school visits, meetings and public media.
  • 84 Awareness Camps undertaken to educate the public about rabies, distemper and animal welfare.
  • Medical, surgical and hospital care provided to thousands of sick and injured domestic animals and wildlife.
  • A veterinarian was appointed as the first step in bringing the staff complement back to previous levels.
  • SARAH Local Coordinator, Dr Thinlay N. Bhutia attended on invitation by OIE/WHO the Global Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies Meeting in Geneva in December 2015 and was expert member of the Proof of Concept panel discussion.
  • 12Volunteers from around the world worked in the programme for a total of40weeks and also provided training to local staff.
  • SARAH continues to act as animal advocate and the need to continue to protect and improve animal welfare of all animals in the development of Government policies.

SUMMARY OF ACTIVITIES OF SARAH DURING 2015-16 :

Activities Progressive Total
Animal birth control 5,487
Anti-rabies vaccine 24,571
ARV Campaign 17,526
Distemper Vaccination 113
Veterinary Trainees 13
Para-vet Trainees 82
Village Level Veterinary Health Worker Trainees 40
Public Awareness Camps in Sikkim 84
Major Surgeries 355
Days Hospitalization 10,738
Medical Consultations 2,724
Distemper  Cases treated 39
Hospital Inpatients 365
Av. No. days hospitalization per animal 29
Public requests/complaints attended (e.g. animal in distress, cruelty etc.) 110

ANIMAL BIRTH CONTROL (ABC) :

The SARAH team continued to work very hard undertaking over 5,480 ABC surgeries surpassing the previous year number of surgeries by 1,107.






ANNUAL RABIES VACCINATION CAMPAIGN:

Sikkim is the first state in India to initiate Annual Rabies Vaccination campaign as per the recommendation made by World Health Organization (WHO) on Rabies control. Recently only a few states like Goa, Haryana have started this campaign. More than 17,526animals vaccinated till date.

The status of rabies free Sikkim is moving in a right direction. Sikkim is the first state in India to issue a notification where in Rabies is now a Reportable/Notifiable Disease in both human and animals. Legislation to further support Rabies Free Sikkim is currently placed to the Government.

AWARDS AND RECOGNITION :

Dr Thinlay N Bhutia was conferred a Letter of Appreciation by the Government of Sikkim on the occasion of Independence Day for his commendable work in animal care and treatment.

Dr Thinlay attended the joint OIE/WHO global conference "Global elimination of dog-mediated human rabies - the time is now" in Geneva in December 2015. The conference was attended by participants from Ministries of Health and Veterinary Science, national rabies coordinators from member Countries. Dr Thinlay was invited as an expert in the "Proof of concept for elimination" of rabies session on the first day of the conference.

The Global Alliance for Rabies Control published an article on the work of the SARAH program in its February 2016 edition titled The SARAH program stops rabies in Sikkim, India.(https://rabiesalliance.org/media/news/the-sarah-program-stops-rabies-in-sikkim-india).

A Letter of Appreciation was received from Government of Nepal, Minister of Agricultural Development, Department of Livestock Services for supporting them in the rescue and rehabilitation and treatment of injured and affected animals in the aftermath of the devastating earthquake in Nepal in 2015.

CANINE DISTEMPER:

In 2015/2016, over 95 distemper vaccinations were administered by SARAH, and many cases were treated by SARAH in hospital and villages.

ANIMAL WELFARE:

Over 2000 medical consultations were undertaken in 2015/2016, and hospital care was provided for 365 animals mostly stray. Each hospitalised animal required an average of 29 days hospitalization reflecting the severity of injuries and sickness.

MAJOR SURGERY:

SARAH has performed 355 major surgeries apart from routine ABC surgery in 2015/2016. Most of the surgeries were lifesaving and involved complex procedures. This work is performed in addition to SARAH’s other workload where annually more than 5,480 ABC surgery and 24,500 ARV are performed.

WILDLIFE CONSERVATION:

Wildlife conservation through feral dog control continues to be a priority for SARAH. The high altitude ABC camps were resumed in North Sikkim and East Sikkim on the request of the public and Army. There has been continuous report of livestock losses especially yaks’ calf and sheep due to predation by feral dogs. The program was interrupted in the previous year because of adverse weather condition. It recommenced in June 2015 and 85 dogs were operated for ABC under difficult circumstances.

CASE REPORT OF BODHGAYA ANIMAL MEDICAL CAMP:

The SARAH team and other veterinary volunteers again offered commitment to his Holiness the 17thGyalwang Karmapa and the Kagyu Monlam committee for long term support to this noble cause. The 3nd Animal Medical Camp had multiple activities including an outpatient clinic primarily treating farm animals, mobile clinic visiting rural villages, an education program and a street dog ABC-AR (animal birth control, anti-rabies) program. During this camp, a total of 1421 treatments were given to a wide variety of animals. This included a successful ABC-AR (Animal Birth Control Anti-Rabies) program where 303 of Bodhgaya’s roaming dogs were surgically sterilized, 325 dogs vaccinated against rabies

18 vaccinated for distemper and 136 other essential surgeries undertaken. Around 639 animals were belonging to poor farmers from remote villages in the outlying areas of Bodhgaya were treated for various ailments. Awareness camps were conducted for 2000 students, monks, nuns and farmers on rabies prevention, how to approach and handle dogs, dog behavior, dog bite prevention and its management, general animal care and husbandry, animal welfare laws and policy, responsible pet ownership, environment, garbage management etc.

POST DISASTER MITIGATION MEASURES UNDERTAKEN IN NEPAL:

A veterinary relief team proceeded to Nepal on 12th May 2015. Department of Livestock, Government of Nepal immediately deputed the team to the most affected places in and around Kathmandu city. Around 50 critically injured animals were treated and rescued by the team and almost 100 other animals were also treated for minor injury and post-disaster traumatic syndrome. The team in collaboration with people from IFAW (International Fund for Animal Welfare) and Department of Livestock Services, Government of Nepal spent the last week going from village to village, farm to farm trying to help the animals affected by the initial earthquake